When you have to add or remove functionality to lớn your computer, this guide can help you manage Windows 10"s "optional features."


While you"re in Windows Features, you"ll see a long danh sách with all the optional features you can manage. If they have a check mark, then it means that the feature is currently enabled on your computer.

You"ll also notice that some features have multiple features under them. If you see a feature with a black square, instead of a kiểm tra mark, then it means that only part of the feature is enabled. You can always enable sub-features by expanding and checking the ones you want khổng lồ enable. Of course, those that don"t have any kiểm tra marks indicate that they"re not currently enabled on your computer.

Optional features available in Windows 10

The optional features available will depend on the edition of Windows 10 installed on your computer. For example, even though, you can manage features on Windows 10 home and Pro, some advanced features won"t be available in the trang chủ version of the OS.

Here"s a list with a description of the features you can enable or disable in Windows 10 Pro:

.NET Framework 3.5 (includes .NET 2.0 & 3.0): This feature is essential to run applications built using Microsoft .NET software framework version 3.5 or older. You can safely enable earlier support, but usually it"ll turn on automatically when needed. .NET Framework 4.6 Advanced Services: You"ll need khổng lồ enable this feature for apps built with version 4.6 of the framework.Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services: Adds Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) support for directory-enabled applications. This is an alternative to Windows Active Directory, which is a more complex directory solution. Usually, you"ll need this feature in certain corporate network scenarios.Containers: Provides services & tools to create & manage Windows hệ thống Containers và Hyper-V containers on your desktop.Data Center Bridging: This feature is an IEEE standard that enables converged fabrics in a data center, where network, storage, clustering và traffic managements share the same Ethernet network infrastructure. Data center bridging is only useful in corporate networks.Device Lockdown: You can enable this feature to địa chỉ services & tools to lớn provide a more controlled experience. Typically, you"ll enable this feature when setting up a kiosk or a temporary device.Hyper-V: Microsoft offers its own virtualization giải pháp công nghệ that allows you to lớn create và manage virtual machines on your computer.Internet Explorer 11: Although Windows 10 includes Edge, Microsoft continues khổng lồ ship internet Explorer 11 for compatibility purposes, but it"s possible to disable it if you don"t need it.Internet Information Services: Commonly known as IIS, it allows you to set up an FTP server or a vps to host websites with management services.Internet Information Services Hostable web Core: Allows you to lớn set an environment khổng lồ host applications on the web. Typically, developers will find this feature beneficial to thử nghiệm applications on Windows 10 Pro.Legacy Components: Allows you to showroom support for old components on Windows. This includes DirectPlay, a feature that was used to lớn be part of DirectX.Media Features: Provides a way to lớn remove Windows truyền thông media Player from Windows 10.Microsoft Message Queue (MSMO) Server: Enables applications lớn run correctly on unreliable networks by queuing messages instead of sending them as they"re generated. Usually, you"ll only find this feature useful on particular corporate network environments.Microsoft Print khổng lồ PDF: Instead of printing a document directly lớn paper, you can print to PDF & save the nội dung as a file. However, it"s possible to lớn disable the feature if you don"t use it.MultiPoint Connector: If you enable this feature, you can monitor và manage your computer using a MultiPoint Manager and MultiPoint Manager Dashboard applications.Print and Document Services: This feature deals with printing services on Windows 10. Here"s where you can enable or disable services for scan, fax và network printing.RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK): You can use CHMAK to create custom profiles to connect to remote access servers. This is a feature that you"ll only use if you"re an IT administrator.Remote Differential Compression API Support: Provides synchronization algorithm that intelligently compares two files that are about to lớn be synchronized and only updating the differences between them. Only certain applications can use this feature.RIP Listener: If you"re in a network using the old RIP protocol version 1, you can use RIP Listener to lớn listen lớn RIP updates in the network. If you"re on a home network, chances are you"ll never use this.Services for NFS: Allows you khổng lồ access files using the Network file System (NFS) protocol. Typically, you"ll use this feature to lớn access files on Network Attached Storage (NAS).Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP): Enables SNMP agents on your computer that monitors switches, routers, và other devices in the network, and reports lớn the network console. This feature isn"t useful unless you"re connected to a network using the protocol.Simple TCPIP Services (echo, daytime etc): Provides tư vấn for additional TCP/IP protocol services, including "Echo", "Character Generator (CHARGEN)", "Daytime", "Discard", & "Quote of the Day (QUOTE)".SMB 1.0/CIFS file Sharing Support: Adds tư vấn to configure file và printer sharing for previous versions of the OS, including Windows XP và Windows server 2003 R2.SMB Direct: Allows the use of network adapters with Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) capability lớn improve file sharing support using SMB 3.x.Telnet Client: This is a command-line utility that allows you khổng lồ connect lớn other computers or devices, such as routers và switches, running a telnet server. This network protocol isn"t secure, và you shouldn"t use it outside of your network.TFTP Client: This is a command-line utility that you can use to upload and tải về files using Trivial file Transfer Protocol. This protocol isn"t secure, và you shouldn"t use it unless is a requirement.Windows Identity Foundation 3.5: Newer applications use .NET 4 that adds a new identity framework, but applications created with older .NET technologies may still require this feature.Windows PowerShell 2.0: This is an advanced command-line scripting tool, similar khổng lồ Command Prompt. PowerShell comes enabled by default, but it"s possible to disable the feature on Windows 10.Windows Process Activation Service: Installs services that may be required if you"re using IIS website services.Windows Subsystem for Linux (Beta): Installs the Ubuntu Bash shell command-line utility on Windows 10. However, there are additional steps that you must follow khổng lồ complete the installation.Windows TIFF iFilter: When this feature is enabled, Windows 10 can index and search Tagged Image tệp tin Format (TIFF) using optical character recognition (OCR), but it typically uses more system resources than traditional tệp tin indexing và searching. However, if you work with these type of documents, it can help you to find those scanned documents quicker.Work Folders Client: Allows file synchronization with network tệp tin servers.XPS Services: This is an old Microsoft feature similar to lớn PDF. You can still print documents to lớn XPS, but PDF is a format that"s more widely supported. If you don"t use it, you can clear the check mark lớn remove it.XPS Viewer: This is an application that Microsoft includes with the OS to xuất hiện XPS files. If you don"t work with any XPS files, you can safely disable this feature.

As you can see, there are a lot of optional features that you can turn on or off in Windows 10, but many of them won"t be useful unless you"re in a corporate environment.